Nietzsche's concept of the Übermensch, or the overman, is intricately connected to his philosophy of the body. (This is the pictorial reference to the meme above). Nietzsche believed that traditional Western philosophy had long neglected the significance and potential of the human body, focusing instead on the realm of the mind and soul. In contrast, he saw the body as a vital aspect of human existence, capable of great power and creativity.
According to Nietzsche, the overman is an individual who transcends societal and moral limitations to embrace their full potential. This concept revolves around the idea of self-overcoming, where individuals liberate themselves from the constraints imposed by tradition, morality, and societal expectations. He argued that societal norms and moral codes often suppress human potential, leading to mediocrity and conformity.Think of religious mores, but also unrealistic body ideals.
Nietzsche believed that by embracing and celebrating the body, individuals can tap into their innate power and creativity. By embracing the body's desires, instincts, and passions, the overman breaks free from these constraints, allowing for authentic self-expression and personal growth. The concept of "instinct" is emphasized by Nietzsche with particularity. This suppressed ability, on the other hand, is supposed to be the indicator of what the body considers essential right. Thus, one can judge a state of affairs from both the mental and physical sides.
In addition to the concept of the Übermensch, Nietzsche's idea of the revaluation of all values is deeply intertwined. This idea entails a critical examination and questioning of existing moral codes. He called for a radical shift in perspective, encouraging individuals to reassess and reinterpret moral values based on their own experiences, desires, and potentials. Nietzsche sought to challenge the prevailing notions of good and evil, arguing that they were based on outdated and oppressive foundations.
According to Nietzsche, traditional moral values were loaded with feelings of guilt, shame, and repression. He believed that these values were rooted in a slave mentality that perpetuated weakness and prevented the rise of the individual. By reevaluating and transcending these moral values, Nietzsche believed that individuals could break free from societal constraints and embrace a more authentic and fulfilling existence.
It must be emphasized that the revaluation of all values was not a prescription for moral relativism or outright rejection of morality. Instead, Nietzsche saw it as an opportunity for individuals to embrace their own values, creating their own understanding of what is meaningful and valuable in life. Nietzsche believed that this process of revaluation would lead to the emergence of new ethical systems that better align with the unique potentials and desires of individuals.
In summary, Nietzsche's concept of the revaluation of all values is closely linked to his idea of the overman. By critically examining and transcending traditional moral values, individuals can liberate themselves from societal constraints and embrace their full potential as overmen. The revaluation process empowers individuals to develop their own meaningful and authentic ethical frameworks, ultimately leading to personal growth, self-realization, and a deeper understanding of the human condition. Nietzsche defines the human being as the "not established animal". Thus, a becoming is inevitable and faster in man than in animals, insofar as the moral level of man is used as a significant distinguishing feature from the animal. The goal of the Übermensch is thus never to be achieved in its entirety and is instead to be regarded as an ongoing approximation.
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